Home Health How to Take Care of Your Skin

How to Take Care of Your Skin

The skin is the largest organ in our body. It has the critical job of protecting us from infection and germs. It’s essential to care for and protect it from external elements, including ensuring that we aren’t overly irritating the skin with a harsh or aggressive skincare routine.

Last Modified: September 20, 2022
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Establishing a Skin Care Routine

An appropriate skin care routine can fortify your skin and keep it in good health. The earlier you begin taking care of your skin, the better you can protect it from the elements and the typical effects of aging.

There are three different skin types: Dry, oily or combination. Your skin type may slightly vary, depending on various factors, such as the seasons, but it typically stays the same.

10 Tips for Taking Care of Your Skin

Most experts recommend three main steps in a skin care routine. The first is cleansing or washing your face. Then next is toning, which balances the skin. The third is moisturizing, which hydrates and softens the skin.

The following tips can help you take care of your skin.
Moisturize:
A moisturizer is a compound that hydrates the top layer of the skin and delivers other ingredients to nourish or protect it. Moisturizers may include anti-inflammatories or sunscreen. They prevent dry skin and prevent skin conditions from worsening. You should moisturize even if your skin is oily and acne prone.
Quit Smoking:
Cigarette and e-cigarette use has various effects on the skin and contributes to numerous skin conditions, including contact dermatitis, psoriasis and premature skin aging.
Reduce Alcohol Consumption:
Frequent drinking causes the skin to dehydrate and can lead to decreased elasticity. Long-term effects can lead to a heightened risk of certain types of skin cancer and an increased risk of skin infections due to a weakened immune system.
Wear Sunscreen:
It helps prevent sunburn, reduces skin cancers, and maintains the skin’s texture, reducing the development of visible pigment and small blood vessels. Sunscreen can be chemical or physical (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide). Dermatologists indicate that physical blockers may be less likely to produce an allergic reaction. Studies show that layering makeup with sunscreen further improves UV protection. Even people with darker skin who do not typically burn should be sure to wear sunscreen when exposed to the sun.
Shop with Caution:
When shopping for skin care, it’s essential to read the label. Cosmeceuticals, a hybrid of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, have become extremely popular, with many products claiming therapeutic effects. There is no requirement for manufacturers to demonstrate the safety or efficacy of these products. Keep in mind that many natural skincare products are not FDA approved and many cause allergic reactions.
Eat a Balanced Diet:
Eating a well-balanced diet of vegetables and fruits can keep your skin healthy and reduce acute skin stressors such as inflammation and immunosuppression. There is a lot of promising research on the relationship between the skin and gut biome, particularly in managing inflammatory skin disorders.
Manage Stress:
Chronic or acute stress can alter the skin barrier, causing dryness and exacerbating several skin conditions, including eczema, acne and psoriasis. It’s possible to dismantle stress cycles and build resilience through relaxation techniques.
Get More Sleep:
Sleep deprivation can cause a decrease in blood flow to your facial skin, leading to a dull and ashen complexion. It is also associated with signs of skin aging, including reduced elasticity and uneven pigmentation.
Moderate Temperatures:
A temperate climate is best for the skin. In a hot environment, sweat glands release heat, turning lipids into oil and clogging pores. Shower in a warm (not hot) shower after sweating. In a cold climate, skin loses moisture at an accelerated rate, so moisturizing is important.
Be gentle:
By keeping skin care gentle, you can prevent redness and damage. Do not use regular soap on your face; use emollient or gentle soaps such as CeraVe, Cetaphil or Dove. Avoid hot water, leave skin damp and apply noncomedogenic moisturizer immediately. While exfoliating (removing dead skin cells), don’t scrub too hard or exfoliate too often.

Be sure to consult a dermatologist before trying a product or routine that is not backed by science. Your dermatologist will provide the best skin care routine.

Skin Care Tips to Skip

Social media influencers may promote skin care products and routines that are not backed by science. Social media, in general, may spread skin care myths, misinformation and misunderstanding.

For example, social media posts about skin care suggest using household ingredients to create skin care products without any scientific evidence about their safety.

Some of these debunked myths:
Myth: Tanning beds are a safe alternative to outdoor sun tanning.
A tanning bed does not help to clear an acne breakout. Although your skin may dry out initially, it will respond by producing too much oil. Tanning beds also lead to skin cancer and premature aging.
Myth: Avoiding chocolate is not helpful to your skin.
There is little evidence that chocolate triggers skin conditions, such as acne, to flare up. Although some studies indicate foods high in fat may promote acne, genetic factors are the more likely culprit.
Myth: Applying lemon water is not a good toner.
Although drinking lemon water is healthy, using lemon water on the skin can lead to a rash called phytophotodermatitis when exposed to direct sunlight. It can also lead to inflammation and scarring and should not be used as an astringent or toner.
Myth: Using baking soda for skin care.
This is another homemade remedy that is ineffective and, in the worst case, can lead to skin damage. Although it is sometimes used in a bath to ease itching, most dermatologists recommend other solutions.
Myth: Applying toothpaste on acne:
Acne experts say that putting a spot of toothpaste on your pimples will leave skin inflamed and red. Today, many additional ingredients to toothpaste can irritate the skin and cause allergic contact dermatitis; experts say to see a dermatologist instead.

Many skin treatments available in spas are not FDA-approved medical devices but purport to improve skin.

Microneedling, for example, is used by some to improve the appearance of acne scars and wrinkles. However, temporary skin damage is a risk that commonly occurs with microneedling, including bleeding, bruising, redness, tightness, itching and peeling.

Consult your dermatologist before receiving such treatments, particularly if you have any skin conditions.

Common Skin Conditions

Many rash and skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, rosacea or acne run in families. These conditions cannot be cured, but an appropriate skincare routine and managing your triggers can help limit recurrence, leading to less frequent and less severe flare-ups.

It’s also essential to identify your triggers if you suffer from any of these skin conditions to avoid them.

Be sure to see your doctor at the first sign of infection, such as weepy or crusty skin, or if pain and symptoms won’t clear with over-the-counter remedies.

Please seek the advice of a medical professional before making health care decisions.