Baby Formula Lawsuits

NEC baby formula lawsuits against the manufacturers of Similac and Enfamil are being filed by parents of premature babies who developed necrotizing enterocolitis, or NEC, after consuming toxic cow’s milk-based formulas produced by these companies.

This is an active lawsuit
See if you can file

See If You Qualify for a Baby Formula Lawsuit

If your baby developed NEC after being fed Similac or Enfamil, you may be entitled to compensation. Get a free case review today.

We value your privacy. By clicking REVIEW MY CASE, you agree to our privacy policy and disclaimer. After submitting, you will be contacted by one or more of Drugwatch's trusted legal partners (including autodialed and prerecorded calls or text/SMS messages). Msg. and data rates apply. Your consent to text messaging is not required for a case review and you may opt out of text messages at any time by texting STOP. This is legal advertising.
Last Modified: February 2, 2023
Fact Checked

Editors carefully fact-check all Drugwatch content for accuracy and quality.

Drugwatch has a stringent fact-checking process. It starts with our strict sourcing guidelines.

We only gather information from credible sources. This includes peer-reviewed medical journals, reputable media outlets, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts.

Why Trust DrugWatch? has been empowering patients for more than a decade has provided reliable, trusted information about medications, medical devices and general health since 2008. We’ve also connected thousands of people injured by drugs and medical devices with top-ranked national law firms to take action against negligent corporations.

Our team includes experienced medical writers, award-winning journalists, researchers and certified medical and legal experts. is HONCode (Health On the Net Foundation) certified. This means the high-quality information we provide comes from credible sources, such as peer-reviewed medical journals and expert interviews.

The information on has been medically and legally reviewed by more than 30 expert contributors, including doctors, pharmacists, lawyers, patient advocates and other health care professionals. Our writers are members of professional associations, including American Medical Writers Association, American Bar Association, The Alliance of Professional Health Advocates and International Society for Medical Publication Professionals.


  • Assisting patients and their families since 2008.
  • Helped more than 12,000 people find legal help.
  • A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau.
  • 5-star reviewed medical and legal information site.
Learn More About Us


"Drugwatch opened my eyes to the realities of big pharmacy. Having a family member with major depression and anxiety, I was looking for information on her medications. I found information that was very helpful, that her psychiatrist never told her."
Marianne Zahren Patient’s Family Member
  • Google Business Rating
  • BBB A+ Rating Logo

Why Are People Filing Baby Formula Lawsuits?

Some premature babies who are fed certain Similac and Enfamil formulas may be at risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis, or NEC, a rare intestinal disorder. Parents have begun filing lawsuits against baby formula manufacturers Mead Johnson and Abbott for failure to warn consumers.

The lawsuits state that Abbott and Mead Johnson should have warned about the risk of NEC in their baby formula products but continued to market these products as safe.

Michelle Llamas, BCPA | 0:51 Why are people filing baby formula lawsuits?
Why are people filing baby formula lawsuits? - Featuring Michelle Llamas, BCPA
Is your premature baby suffering from necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) after being fed Similac or Enfamil?
Replay Video
Senior Writer Michelle Llamas explains how parents are filing lawsuits against baby formula manufacturers after links to a fatal disease.

NEC is a serious gastrointestinal condition that causes intestinal tissue death and may be fatal in as many as 50% of cases. It causes intestinal inflammation that may cause holes in the intestine. Bacteria from the intestine can leak into the abdomen or blood, causing serious illness or deadly blood infections.

Status of Baby Formula Lawsuits

In August 2022, the Judicial Panel for Multidistrict Litigation consolidated about 97 lawsuits over NEC claims in Illinois MDL 3026 before U.S. District Judge Rebecca Pallmeyer. There is also a sperate class action MDL 3037 in Illinois for Abbott’s recalled infant formulas.

Litigation is still in initial stages and there are no trials scheduled. As of Oct. 14, 2022, there were 106 cases pending in MDL 3026.

Baby Formula Brands In Lawsuits

Baby formula brands in lawsuits include several Enfamil and Similac cow’s milk baby formulas. Premature babies fed baby formula were at a significantly higher risk of developing NEC than those fed human milk exclusively, according to an observational study published in Neonatology.

Another study published in The Journal of Pediatrics found the risks were lower in breastfed babies than in those fed a combination of mother’s milk and infant formula.

Baby formula brands mentioned in Similac and Enfamil lawsuits include:
  • Similac Special Care
  • Similac Human Milk Fortifier
  • Similac NeoSure
  • Similac Alimentum
  • Similac Alimentum Expert Care
  • Similac Human Milk Fortifier Concentrated Liquid
  • Similac Human Milk Fortifier Powder
  • Similac Liquid Protein Fortifier
  • Similac Special Care 20
  • Similac Special Care 24
  • Similac Special Care 24 High Protein
  • Enfamil Human Milk Fortifier Acidified Liquid
  • Enfamil Human Milk Fortifier Powder
  • Similac Special Care 30
  • Similac Human Milk Fortifier Hydrolyzed Protein- Concentrated Liquid
  • Enfacare Powder
  • Enfamil Human Milk Fortifier Liquid High Protein
  • Enfamil Milk Fortifier Liquid Standard Protein
  • Enfamil NeuroPro Enfacare
  • Enfamil Premature 20 Cal
  • Enfamil Premature 24 Cal
  • Enfamil Premature 24 Cal/fl oz HP
  • Enfamil Premature 30 Cal
  • Enfamil 24 and DHA & ARA Supplement

Mead Johnson and Abbott Laboratories products Enfamil and Similac have no warnings about NEC as a side effect of baby formula or proper instructions or guidelines for their use, according to parents who filed a Similac lawsuit or Enfamil lawsuit. The companies also marketed their products as safe and beneficial for premature infants in spite of the potential risks.

Parents are suing for extensive financial losses and emotional distress related to their baby’s injuries or death.

Who Qualifies to File an NEC Baby Formula Lawsuit?

Similac and Enfamil have failed to warn consumers of the risks of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Parents who had a premature infant diagnosed with NEC after being fed toxic baby formulas can file a lawsuit for potential compensation.

Your baby may have been fed Similac or Enfamil in the hospital. If you are unsure, your lawyer may be able to help you find out. Make sure you provide the name of the hospital and the hospital’s location.

After your baby was discharged from the hospital, you may have fed your baby a Similac or Enfamil formula product. Lawyers encourage parents to keep any receipts, proof of purchase, packaging or boxes from the formula for evidence  in their potential baby formula lawsuit.

Is your premature baby suffering from necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) after being fed Similac or Enfamil?

Have Enfamil and Similac Formulas Been Recalled?

Enfamil and Similac have not been recalled for the link between baby formula and NEC. But there have been isolated store recalls as a result of product tampering and there was a February 2022 recall for potential bacterial infection.

The tampering incident came to light when a few mothers reported that their Enfamil products contained flour instead of formula. In another incident, babies got sick and some died after drinking Enfamil that reportedly caused bacterial infections. The FDA tested the formula and declared it safe.

In February 2022, Abbott Nutrition issued a baby formula recall for certain lots of Similac, EleCare and Alimentum manufactured at its Sturgis, Michigan, facility after four babies suffered Cronobacter sakazakii infections and one baby became infected with Salmonella Newport. Two of the babies died.

The FDA released a preliminary inspection report in March 2022 that said that Abbott didn’t have “a system of process controls” in place to “ensure that infant formula does not become adulterated due to the presence of microorganisms.”

In June 2022, FDA received an additional report of an infant death that could be related to bacterial contamination. The same month, Abbott’s Sturgis plant reopened to help ease the baby formula shortage caused in part by the recall.

Please seek the advice of a medical professional before making health care decisions.