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Surgical Stapler Lawsuits

Surgical stapler lawsuits claim that surgical staplers malfunctioned and caused infections, serious injuries such as internal bleeding and organ damage, or death when used in operations. The largest surgical stapler lawsuit verdict was $80 million for a woman who suffered injuries during an operation that nearly killed her. As of 2019, the number of surgical stapler lawsuits is expected to climb.

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Surgical staplers, which are sometimes preferred to sutures for minimally invasive surgeries, can cause serious injuries by firing malformed staples into organs or other tissue in the body. Defective staplers may not fire all staples necessary to bind an incision, causing bleeding or leaving an incision unsealed.

The risk reclassification of these devices, product recalls and media reports about stapler malfunctions being hidden from the public are likely to drive an increase in surgical stapler lawsuits.

Attorneys are currently taking new cases. Settlements and verdicts in surgical stapler cases have ranged from $5 million to $80 million.

Surgeons using surgical stapler during surgery

Injuries Claimed in Lawsuits

Surgical stapler lawsuits claim that malfunctioning devices caused severe injuries and prolonged surgery and may have required further surgical procedures. Some lawsuits claim faulty medical staplers resulted in patients’ deaths.

Serious Injuries Caused by Surgical Staplers & Staples
  • Torn or damaged internal organs and tissues
  • Sepsis, a potentially fatal reaction to infection
  • Increased risk of cancer recurrence
  • Fistula formation, an abnormal connection between organs or other tissue in the body
  • Death
  • Bleeding
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Manufacturers and Surgical Stapler Recalls

Medtronic, which acquired Covidien in 2014, and Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Ethicon control the vast majority of the surgical stapler market in the United States. The two companies produce 4 out of 5 surgical staplers used in American hospitals.

Surgical Stapler Manufacturers
  • Covidien (Medtronic)
  • Ethicon US (Johnson & Johnson)
  • 3M
  • B. Braun Melsungen AG
  • Cardica
  • Care Fusion Corporation
  • Frankenman International
  • Meril Life Science
  • Purple Surgical
  • Smith & Nephew
  • Stryker
  • U.S. Surgical
  • Welfare Medical
  • Reach Surgical
  • Zimmer Biomet

Manufacturing Defects Led to Recalls

Medtronic and Ethicon products account for some of the largest surgical stapler-related recalls in recent years. The two companies combined have recalled more than 3.4 million staplers, staples and components since 2013.

Recent Surgical Stapler & Staple Recalls
Ethicon 2019 92,496 Endo-Surgery Curved Intraluminal Stapler with Adjustable Height Staples

Endo-Surgery Endoscopic Curved Intraluminal Stapler with Adjustable Height Staples
Two patients were injured after devices misfired, cutting portions of their rectums.
Medtronic 2019 3,113,280 Endo GIA Articulating Reloads with TriStaple Technology Missing components could affect staple alignment.
Medtronic 2018 171,271 Endo GIA "Auto Suture" Universal Articulating Loading Unit Five people were injured related to missing components that could affect staple alignment.
Ethicon 2015 6,744 Endopath Echelon Flex Powered Vascular Staplers with Advanced Placement Tip and White Reloads Inspections found certain staplers may not insert a full line of staples when fired.
Ethicon 2013 57,540 ECHELON 60mm Endoscopic Linear Cutter Reloads Black Manufacturer identified a potential for reload damage that would prevent a complete line of staples firing.

Medtronic reported at least five people injured prior to a May 2018 recall. The companies often found manufacturing defects that could cause injuries.

In a 2019 recall of more than 3 million TriStaple reloads, Medtronic reported that a missing component had the potential for staples to fail, leading to “bleeding, anastomotic leak, peritonitis, or pneumothorax which can result in the potential for infection and/or sepsis.”

Other defects leading to recalls had the potential to cause bleeding or the leaking of intestinal contents into surrounding body parts.

Surgical Stapler Risks Were Underreported for Years

Medical device manufacturers are required to report serious injuries and deaths related to the use of their products to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The FDA maintains a public database of reported medical devices problems. But the majority of surgical stapler complications reported between 2011 through 2018 were submitted to a hidden database.

While 41,000 malfunctions were reported to the public database, another 56,000 were concealed from public view. Among the 41,000 public reports, there were at least 366 deaths and more than 9,000 serious injuries related to surgical staplers in that eight year period. When reports from both databases were combined, the number of deaths rose to 412, and injuries rose to 11,181.

In 2016 alone, the FDA posted fewer than 100 stapler-related injury reports to the public MAUDE database. But nearly 10,000 reports were hidden from the public as so-called “alternative summary” reports, according to Kaiser Health News.

FDA Takes Action

When Kaiser Health News reported on the secret database in 2019, the FDA took quick steps to release the hidden reports and tighten regulations around surgical staplers.

FDA Actions on Surgical Staplers
  • TOUGHER REGULATION, April 24, 2019
    The FDA proposed reclassifying surgical staplers from low-risk to moderate-risk devices, which would impose a stricter approval process.
    The agency issued draft guidance for manufacturers on labeling changes for surgical staplers, including proper use and safety hazards.
    The FDA sought expert input on its analysis of all reported injuries.
    The FDA sent out a letter to doctors, hospitals and others who routinely use surgical staplers. It warned about the high number of deaths and injuries related to staplers and provided recommendations to prevent patient injuries.

Verdicts and Settlements in Stapler Lawsuits

The largest surgical stapler verdict was nearly $80 million awarded by a California jury to a former police officer for life-threatening injuries from a defective stapler.

Three days after Florence Kuhlmann underwent surgery in 2012, doctors found her bowel had been stapled against her rectal wall. The blockage caused her bowel to rupture causing sepsis, a life threatening response to infection.

The problem was blamed on an Ethicon PPH 03 surgical stapler later involved in a company recall, according to her attorneys.

The jury awarded her $70 million in punitive damages and $9.8 million in compensatory damages. In 2018, an appeals court reduced the award to $19.6 million, citing a “constitutional maximum” for punitive damages.

$5.5 Million Settlement for Stapler-Related Death

In 2017, Ryan Strange of Illinois agreed to a $5.5 million settlement over the death of his wife due to a surgical stapler injury in 2013.

The lawsuit named Memorial Medical Center in Springfield, Ill., the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine’s group practice doctors, and Covidien. All parties agreed to pay a share of the settlement.

Covidien agreed to pay $250,000 as its part of the wrongful death lawsuit. Medtronic acquired Covidien in 2014.

April Strange bled to death following surgery to remove a noncancerous mass on her liver. The stapler cut a blood vessel but failed to properly seal it, causing “massive blood loss, cardiac arrest related to the blood loss, and death the same day.”

This risk has been cited as a reason behind surgical stapler recalls in recent years.

The stapler had been disposed of following surgery, and Covidien argued that there was no proof that Strange’s death was a result of a defect in its product.

Potential Compensation for Surgical Stapler Injuries

Surgical stapler injuries can be serious or even deadly. They can cause people to be incapacitated for long periods of time or cost families their loved ones. People can seek compensation for both past and future injuries from these devices.

Past and Future Compensation in Surgical Stapler Lawsuits
  • Medical expenses
  • Funeral expenses for deaths resulting from stapler injuries
  • Pain and suffering, both physical and mental
  • Lost wages
  • Loss of earning capacity
  • Loss of enjoyment of life
  • Punitive damages to punish the manufacturer

People considering filing a surgical stapler lawsuit may wish to consult a lawyer who specializes in medical device cases. These types of lawsuits can be complex and involve issues of medicine, engineering and manufacturing as well as product liability law.

Questions Attorneys May Ask

How did your surgical stapler malfunction during your procedure?
People filing lawsuits against surgical stapler manufacturers claim the devices malfunctioned during surgery. The most common surgical stapler malfunctions reported to the FDA include misfiring or difficulty in firing, failure of the stapler to fire the staple and the user applying staples to the wrong tissue.

What complications did you experience?
The serious complications associated with surgical stapler malfunctions include torn or damaged internal organs and tissues, sepsis, increased risk of cancer recurrence and fistula formation. Let your attorney know if you’ve experienced these or any other serious complications.

When did these complications occur?
Surgical stapler complications can occur during surgery or show up days after the surgery. Be sure to let your attorney know when you first felt symptoms.

Has the surgical stapler device that was used during your procedure been recalled?
Medtronic and Ethicon, which have been responsible for producing the majority of surgical staplers in the U.S., have recalled more than 3.4 million surgical staplers and other related products. Contact your surgeon to find out if the surgical stapler that was used in your procedure has been part of these recalls.

Surgical Stapler
Surgical Stapler & Staple Lawsuits
  1. INJURIES Fistulas (abnormal connections between organs or blood vessels), internal bleeding, infection, organ damage, death
  2. MANUFACTURERS Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Ethicon, Medtronic, others
  3. VERDICTS & SETTLEMENTS Largest verdict: $80 million (reduced to $30 million on appeal)

Please seek the advice of a medical professional before making health care decisions.

Terry Turner
Written By Terry Turner Writer

Terry Turner has been writing articles and producing news broadcasts for more than 25 years. He covers FDA policy, proton pump inhibitors, and medical devices such as hernia mesh, IVC filters, and hip and knee implants. An Emmy-winning journalist, he has reported on health and medical policy issues before Congress, the FDA and other federal agencies. Some of his qualifications include:

  • American Medical Writers Association (AMWA) and The Alliance of Professional Health Advocates member
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Health Literacy certificates
  • Original works published or cited in Washington Examiner, MedPage Today and The New York Times
  • Appeared as an expert panelist on hernia mesh lawsuits on the BBC
Edited By
Emily Miller
Emily Miller Managing Editor

19 Cited Research Articles writers follow rigorous sourcing guidelines and cite only trustworthy sources of information, including peer-reviewed journals, court records, academic organizations, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports and interviews with qualified experts. Review our editorial policy to learn more about our process for producing accurate, current and balanced content.

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  2. Densford, F. (2019, June 3). Medtronic Issues Another Recall for Endo GIA Staplers. Retrieved from
  3. Gever, J. (2019, March 8). FDA Opens Up on Surgical Stapler Problems. Retrieved from
  4. Jewett, C. (2019, March 7). Hidden FDA Reports Detail Harm Caused by Scores of Medical Devices. Retrieved from
  5. Journal Gazette and Times Courier. (2017, September 27). Settlement Reached in Charleston Woman’s Wrongful Death Suit. Retrieved from
  6. Lodhia, P. (2017, March 3). Woman Who Lost Her Legs Sues Over Surgical Stapler. KTRK-TV. Retrieved from
  7. Lupkin, S. and Jewett, C. I2019, May 30). More than Half of Surgical Stapler Malfunctions Went to Hidden FDA Database. Retrieved from
  8. Market Watch. (2019, April 4). Surgical Staplers Market 2019: Comprehensive Analysis on Covidien, Ethicon Inc., US Surgical, Cardica, Inc., Zimmer Biomet, Stryker, Smith & Nephew, CONMED Corporation, CareFusion, Medtronic, and Others. Press Release. Retrieved from
  9. Medtronic. (2018, May). Updated Urgent Field Safety Notice; Covidien Endo GIA Articulating Reloads. Retrieved from
  10. Medtronic. (2019, May). Urgent Field Safety Notice; Endo GIA Surgical Stapling Single Use Loading Units, Tri-Staple 2.0 Intelligent Reloads and Cartridges Recall. Retrieved from;jsessionid=A6C1FF55879449D5E6B62BE7584A288D.2_cid354?__blob=publicationFile&v=1
  11. Olsen, D. (2017, September 29). SIU, Memorial, Device-Maker Agree to $5.5 Million Malpractice Settlement. Retrieved from
  12. Pedersen, A. (2019, April 23). FDA Cracks Down on Surgical Staplers. Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry. Retrieved from
  13. Sernoffsky, E. (2015, December 16). Retired San Jose Officer Awarded $80 Million Over Botched Surgery. Retrieved from
  14. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, June 25). Surgical Staplers and Staples. Retrieved from
  15. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, June 5). Safe Use of Surgical Staplers and Staples – Letter to Health Care Providers. Retrieved from
  16. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2015, February 26). Class 2 Device Recall Echelon Flex Powered Vascular Stapler With Advanced Placement Tip and White Reloads. Retrieved from
  17. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2013, May 13). Class 2 Device Recall ECHELON 60mm Endoscopic Linear Cutter Reloads Black. Retrieved from
  18. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, March 8). FDA Takes Steps to Help Reduce Risks Associated with Surgical Staplers and Implantable Staples. Retrieved from
  19. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, May 17). Class 2 Device Recall Endo GIA Articulating Reloads with TriStaple Technology. Retrieved from
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